Acianthus fornicatus R.Br.

Pixie Caps

Prodr. 321 (1810)

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: endangered (e)

Flowering plant 6–15 cm tall. Leaf cordate, thin, 1.5–4 cm long, 1–2.5 cm wide, green above, reddish-purple beneath, entire or margin sometimes shallowly lobed proximally. Flowers 2–11, translucent pink and green with a green or green and maroon labellum; pedicel (including ovary) c. 5 mm long, subtended by an ovate bract about half as long; dorsal sepal ovate, cucullate, 9–12 mm long including apical point c. 2 mm long, smooth or very nearly so; lateral sepals projected obliquely forwards, usually slightly divergent and/or recurved, linear to linear-lanceolate, 9–12 mm long, apical point c. 2 mm long; petals spreading widely, linear-ovate to lanceolate, 3.5–5 mm long. Labellum on short claw, slightly decurved distally, oblong-ovate to cordate, 5–6 mm long, 2.5–3 mm wide, distal margins slightly recurved, irregularly serrulate; apex acute; callus thick, fleshy, densely papillose towards the apex. Column incurved, almost terete, not winged. Flowers Jun. (1 record).

Also Qld, NSW. Known only from coastal scrub in the far east of the State.

The first and only Victorian discovery of the species was made on Gabo Island, a few kms from the NSW border, in June 2017. The Victorian record is unvouchered, and is based on a reference in Backhouse (2019).

Created by: Neville Walsh, 2017-07-24
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2020-02-24

Backhouse, G. (2019). Bush Beauties – The Wild Orchids of Victoria, Australia, Gary Backhouse, Melbourne, Australia.

life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Acianthus
Higher taxa