Banksia spinulosa var. cunninghamii (Sieber ex Rchb.) A.S.George

Hairpin Banksia

Nuytsia 3: 396 (1981) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native (naturalised in part(s) of state)

Erect shrub to c. 5 m high; lignotuber absent; bark thin, brown; branchlets finally glabrescent. Leaves scattered, linear or narrowly oblanceolate, 2–7 cm long, 2–5 mm wide, discolorous, upper surface green, more or less glabrous, lower surface pale brown, tomentose; apex mucronate; margins entire except for a few teeth towards apex, recurved to revolute; petiole 1–3 mm long. Inflorescence 10–20 cm long, 6–7 cm wide at anthesis. Tepals 20–30 mm long, golden-yellow, hairy, persistent in fruit; style hooked below apex, usually purplish-black, pale yellowish at base (rarely entirely yellow), deciduous. Follicles to c. 100, 10–24 mm long, crowded, finally glabrescent except at base; opening with or without fire. Body of seed c. semi-elliptic, 6–10 mm long, wing to c. 20 mm long. Flowers mainly Apr.–Jul.

EGL, EGU, GipP, HNF, HSF, Strz, WPro, *CVU. Also Qld, NSW. Apart from isolated western occurrences at Mt Clay near Portland and Point Lonsdale, apparently confined to foothill open-forests and heathy woodlands of eastern Victoria on and south of the Great Dividing Range, but often locally common.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Proteaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-05-03
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Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Banksia spinulosa var. cunninghamii in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Banksia spinulosa var. cunninghamii in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Gippsland Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory