Aeonium arboreum (L.) Webb & Berthel.

Phyt. Canar. 1: 185 (1840) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Perennial shrub to c. 1.2 m tall; branches ascending, 10–30 mm diam., glabrous; leaf scars 4–7(–10) mm wide, c. 1 mm long. Rosette to c. 25 cm diam.; leaves obovate to oblanceolate, 50–90 mm long, 15–30 mm wide, c. 1 mm thick, glossy green, apex acute, obtuse or emarginate with a mucro, base cuneate, margins with curved cilia. Inflorescence conical, 14–28 cm long, 11–17 cm diam., glabrous; peduncles 5–8 cm long; pedicles 6–9(–12) mm long. Flowers erect or spreading; sepals 9–11, ovate, 2–3.5 mm long, apex acuminate, green; petals 9–11, linear-lanceolate, 6–7 mm long, apex acuminate, bright yellow; stamens 4.5–5 mm long, nectary glands yellow; ovaries white to yellowish-green, glabrous, styles c. 5–5.5 mm long, c. 0.2 mm wide, white to yellowish. Seeds not seen. Flowers mostly spring–summer.

*GipP, *VVP. Also naturalised WA, SA, Tas. Native to the Canary Islands. Occasionally found in disturbed coastal areas and beside rivers, presumably from discarded garden refuse.

The cultivated forms 'Atropurpureum' and ‘Zwartkop’ are often grown for their deep purple foliage.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2015-10-30
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-10-31
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder [Saxifraganae]
order Saxifragales
family Crassulaceae
genus Aeonium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Aeonium arboreum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Aeonium arboreum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia