Gard. Dict. no., edn 8, 6 (1768) APNI
Sparsely to densely hispid perennial with erect flowering stems, 15–60 cm high, winged from near base, with 3 linear lobes at each node. Leaves in 1–several rosettes at base; lamina with 3–7 rounded lobes along each side, 3–20 cm long, 5–45 mm wide. Inflorescence of several secund spikes in a dense corymb; spikes ascending to erect, 5–12 mm long, each subtended by a broadly 3-winged branch 5–45 mm long; spikelets mostly 2-flowered, c. 4–9 per spike; outer and middle bracts subequal, lanceolate, 4–7 mm long, narrowly acuminate at apex, scarious; inner bract firm, partly green, c. 7 mm long, with 2–3 ascending spines; calyx 10–14 mm long, bright blue to purple (rarely white or pale mauve), the tube c. 7 mm long, the limb 7–9 mm diam., hardly lobed but margins more or less crenate; corolla not or only slightly longer than calyx, obscurely lobed, yellowish or pink. Capsule circumsciss near apex; seed fusiform, 3–4 mm long, dark brown. Flowers Oct.–Mar.
*CVU, *GipP, *Gold, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *RobP, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, NSW, Tas. Native to the Mediterranean region. Mainly a roadside weed of dry sandy ground in warmer districts of northern Victoria, uncommon in south (e.g. Mt Wallace, Melbourne Cemetery).
Grown for ornament and cut flowers.
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||introduced|
|Central Victorian Uplands||present||introduced|
|New South Wales|
|Australian Capital Territory|