Hydrocotyle foveolata H.Eichler

Yellow Penny-wort

Suppl. J.M. Black’s Fl. South Australia, edn 2, 248 (1965) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Spreading to erect annual, stems usually branching from base, 2–15 cm high and across, glabrous or hairy. Leaf-lamina to 20 mm across, palmately divided or dissected into 3 or 5 lobes or segments, glabrous or glabrescent; segments obovate-cuneate, 2–6 mm long, apex cuneate, 3-toothed; petiole to 2 cm long, sparsely pilose; stipules membranous, lacerate-fimbriate. Umbels simple, leaf-opposed, 3–5 mm diam., usually sessile (terminal ones often pedunculate), 3–6-flowered; pedicel to 2 mm long. Petals yellow. Fruits compressed laterally, c. 0.7 mm long, c. 2 mm wide; mericarps red-brown to almost black, virtually flat between the acute intermediate and dorsal rib, with a deep, white-rimmed pit more or less encircled by each of the intermediate ribs Flowers spring and summer.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MuM, NIS, OtP, OtR, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Also SA, NSW, Tas. Widely distributed in a variety of woodlands and thickets on sandy soils, or amongst rocks, often in low-lying or winter-wet sites.

Commonly occurring with other annuals and bryophytes in species-rich herb mats, often including Hydrocotyle callicarpa which is distinguished by its usually more erect habit, darker, less deeply divided leaves, pedunculate umbels and narrower, non-rimmed pits.

Source: Duretto, M.F. (1999). Apiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-05-07
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Apiales
family Araliaceae
genus Hydrocotyle
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Hydrocotyle foveolata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Hydrocotyle foveolata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales