Pterostylis rufa R.Br.

Prodr. 327 . (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: data deficient (k)

Flowering plant to 20 cm tall, stem leaves 3–6, closely sheathing. Rosette leaves 5–10, oblong to elliptic, 1–3 cm long, 7–13 mm wide, margins entire. Flowers 3–10, porrect on long pedicels,16–20 mm long, bright reddish brown with translucent white areas, shiny; dorsal sepal with an upcurved filiform point c. 2 mm long; lateral sepals deflexed, conjoined part elliptic in outline when flattened, shallowly concave, margins incurved, glabrous, free points 7–8 mm long, divergent; petals with a poorly developed proximal flange. Labellum oblong, 3–4 mm long, c. 2.5 mm wide, thick; marginal hairs in 4–8 pairs, 0.5–1.5 mm long, white, basal lobe thick, with numerous white hairs to 0.5 mm long. Flowers Oct.–Mar.

CVU, EGL, EGU, Glep, HSF, MonT, NIS. Also Qld, NSW. Scattered across Victoria from the coast to montane areas in heathland, heathy woodland and open forest on well-drained soils.

See note under Pterostylis squamata.

Created by: Jeff Jeanes, 2015-06-05
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-15
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Pterostylis
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Pterostylis rufa in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Pterostylis rufa in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory