Caladenia pumila R.S.Rogers

Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. South Australia 46: 152 (1922) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Endemic

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:EPBC: critically endangered (CR); Victoria: endangered (e); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Flowering plant 10–15 cm tall. Leaf 6–8 cm long, 5–15 mm wide, spotted with red at base. Flower solitary; perianth segments 2–4 cm long, white, sometimes with pink markings, lateral sepals and petals spreading; sepals flattened at base, 2–4 mm wide, abruptly tapered to a relatively short tail usually covered in non-contiguous sessile glands; petals usually shorter than sepals, flattened at base, tapered to acuminate apex, sometimes with scattered glands. Labellum curved forward with apex recurved and lateral lobes erect, lamina ovate, obscurely 3-lobed, c. 17 mm long and c. 8 mm wide (when flattened), white with pink margins; margins of lateral lobes entire to shortly toothed or scalloped towards apex, those of mid-lobe entire, shortly toothed or scalloped, teeth <1 mm long; lamina calli in 4 or 6 rows, pink, extending just onto mid-lobe, narrow, foot-shaped, c. 1.5 mm long at base of lamina, decreasing in size towards apex. Flowers Sep.–Oct.

VVP. Apparently once locally common in grassland around Bannockburn (c. 25 km north-west of Geelong), but not recorded from there or elsewhere between the 1920s and the discovery of 2 plants in 2009.

Critically endangered and the subject of an ex-situ micropropagation program.

Characterized by its small stature, white flowers, sessile perianth segment glands, and shallowly toothed pink-margined labellum.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Jeff Jeanes, 2015-05-14
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Caladenia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Caladenia pumila in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Caladenia pumila in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native

State distribution

Distribution map