Elytrigia pungens (Pers.) Tutin

Sea Couch-grass

Watsonia 2: 186 (1952) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Strongly rhizomatous perennial. Culms erect, to 80 cm high, usually glaucous. Leaves glabrous; blades flat to involute, 10–20 cm long, 1–2 mm diam., sharp-pointed at apex, smooth on the outer surface, finely scabrous along the raised nerves of the inner surface; ligule truncate, glabrous, c. 0.5 mm long; auricles lacking or up to 1 mm long, not or barely embracing culm. Inflorescence a distichous spike 5–12 cm long, with 12–30 spikelets. Spikelets usually 5–7-flowered, 10–18 mm long; glumes subequal, lanceolate, 6–10 mm long, obtuse to acute but not awned, 3–7-nerved, smooth or sparsely scabrous toward the apex; lemma resembling glumes; palea slightly shorter than lemma. Flowers Sep.–Jan.

*CVU, *OtP, *VVP. Also introduced in New Zealand, USA. Indigenous to south-western Europe, extending to north-west France. Known in Victoria by collections from coastal sands at Point Henry near Geelong and Cowes on Phillip Is., and Coimadai Creek near Bacchus Marsh. Close to Elytrigia repens and to Thinopyrum junceum with both of which it is known to hybridise in Europe.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-06-28
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Elytrigia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Elytrigia pungens in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Elytrigia pungens in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Otway Plain present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Australian Capital Territory