Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis

Madeira Vine

Fl. Males. 5: 303 (1957) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Vigorous vine with stems to 15 m long or more. Both subterranean and aerial tubers developed, the latter from lower nodes and raceme axes, irregularly shaped, to c. 8 cm long. Leaves broadly ovate, c. 2.5–12 cm long and wide, fleshy, slightly discolorous, glossy above; apex obtuse or shortly emarginate; base cordate; margins often undulate. Racemes c. 6–20 cm long, drooping, usually simple; flowers numerous, pale cream, soon blackening, sweetly and faintly aniseed-scented; bracts narrowly ovate, 1.5–2.5 mm long; pedicels shortly exceeding bracts; lower bracteoles c. 0.7 mm long, shortly united near base; upper bracteoles ovate, c. 2 mm long; tepals widely spreading, ovate, c. 3 mm long, margins incurved; stamens subequal to petals. Flowers Apr.–May.

*CVU, *EGL, *GipP, *Glep, *HSF, *OtP, *VRiv, *VVP. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. Native to South America. Recorded as growing spontaneously in inner Melbourne suburbs (e.g. Clifton Hill, Prahran) on rail and creek embankments, and near Inverloch, but commonly grown as a screening vine over fences, trellises, sheds etc. and probably naturalised more widely. Not known to produce viable seed in Victoria (and rarely outside its native range (Vivian-Smith et al., 2007)), propagation being via tubers.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1996). Basellaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2019-03-12
 
References

Vivian-Smith, G., Lawson, B.E., Turnbull, I., Downey, P.O. (2007). The biology of Australian weeds, 46. Anredera cordifolia, Plant Protection Quarterly 22(1): 2-10.

Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Caryophyllanae
family Basellaceae
genus Anredera
Higher taxa

Victoria

Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Anredera cordifolia in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Anredera cordifolia in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
State
Western Australia
South Australia
Queensland
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory
Victoria
Tasmania