Sp. Pl. 300 (1753) APNI
Bulb subglobose, 1–2 cm diam., usually with numerous bulblets. Scape triangular in section, 10–50 cm long, initially suberect, prostrate in fruit. Leaves almost basal, usually 2–5 per bulb, slightly channelled, rather fleshy, 15–50 cm long, 5–20 mm wide. Umbel 5–10-flowered, loose, flowers drooping; pedicels 1–2.5 mm long; spathe of 2 linear bracts, sometimes deciduous; perianth campanulate, segments oblong, 10–18 mm long, white with green central stripe; stamens shorter than the perianth segments and shortly united to them at base. Capsule ovoid, c. 6–7 mm long. Flowers Aug.–Nov.
*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *GipP, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro. Also naturalised WA, SA, NSW, Tas. Native to the western Mediterranean region. A declared noxious weed in Victoria, often forming pure swards in moist, shaded sites in bushland, gardens and roadsides, mostly in the south (Portland, Port Campbell, Melbourne suburbs and nearby hills, Strzelecki Range) with outlying occurrences in the north-east (Euroa-Wangaratta area).
The arillate seeds are attractive to ants which are regarded as important dispersal vectors.
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||naturalised|
|Central Victorian Uplands||present||naturalised|
|Northern Inland Slopes||present||naturalised|
|East Gippsland Lowlands||present||naturalised|
|New South Wales|