Livistona australis (R.Br.) Mart.

Cabbage Fan-palm

Hist. Nat. Palm. 214 (1838-9) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: vulnerable (v); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Palm-tree, up to 30 m high. Trunk c. 15–35 cm diameter. Leaves with petiole 1–1.5 m long, spreading to slightly recurved, laterally with strong recurved spines; lamina circular and fan-like, 1–1.5 m diam. when fully expanded, deeply divided (almost to middle) into 30–50 radiating, narrow, pleated lobes; apex of lobes drooping. Inflorescence 1–1.5 m long, with individual spike-like branches c. 3–18 cm long; subtending bracts 15–25 cm long, blunt. Flowers cream-coloured to white. Fruit 10–20 mm diam. black. Flowers Aug.–Sep.

EGL. Also Qld, NSW.  . Very rare in Victoria where known from only three populations in the Orbost region – Cabbage Tree Creek, Caleys Creek and the lower Brodribb River. The few plants in Lilly Pilly Gully, Wilsons Promontory (if still extant after bushfires), are presumed plantings.

The 'cabbage' (young shoot) of this species is edible, but harvesting it is lethal to the palm.

Source: Conn, B.J.; Walsh, N.G. (1994). Arecaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2019-02-27
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Arecales
family Arecaceae
genus Livistona
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Livistona australis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Livistona australis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Gippsland Plain present cultivated
East Gippsland Lowlands present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory