Gonocarpus humilis Orchard

Shade Raspwort

Bull. Auckland Inst. Mus. 10: 195 (1975) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Perennial herb, prostrate, semi-prostrate to suberect, to 50 cm tall; stems 30–70 cm long, slightly 4-ribbed, covered with soft hairs to 0.5 mm long. Leaves opposite, ovate, 0.5–2.5 cm long, 5–12 mm wide, widely spaced, pilose, margins with 10–15 small teeth; petiole 1–2 mm long; bracts alternate, lanceolate, 2.5–4 mm long, green, margins entire; bracteoles lanceolate, 0.8–1 mm long, brown, membranous, entire. Pedicel 0.1–0.2 mm long; sepals 0.5–0.6 mm long, margins thickened, basal callus present; petals yellow-green, 0.8–1.5 mm long; stamens 4, opposite the sepals, sometimes 4 staminodes opposite the petals, anthers c. 1 mm long; ovary ovoid, 1–1.5 mm long, silver-grey to purplish, 8-ribbed, with 2 or 3 oblique calluses between ribs, minutely scabrous. Fruit 1.3–1.5 mm long. Flowers mainly Oct.–Dec.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, OtP, OtR, Strz, VAlp, VVP, WaP, WPro. Also SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. Widespread in Victoria, mostly in cool, damp places.

This species has been confused with Gonocarpus teucrioides but can be distinguished by its lax habit, flowers all alternate in a more sparse inflorescence, smaller brown bracteoles and 4 stamens (sometimes also with 4 staminodes). A variant with exceptionally large leaves to 3.5 cm long and to 1.8 cm wide has been noted in the Grampians.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Haloragaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-01-19
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder [Saxifraganae]
order Saxifragales
family Haloragaceae
genus Gonocarpus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Gonocarpus humilis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Gonocarpus humilis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory