Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Trees, evergreen or semi-evergreen, trunk cylindric or slightly bulbous. Leaves entire or lobed, petiolate, stipulate, the stipules caducous. Inflorescence a panicle; bracts deciduous. Flowers unisexual. Calyx petaloid, tubular, 5- or 6-lobed; petals absent. Male flowers with c. 20 stamens arranged on an androgynophore and with a rudimentary 5-carpellate gynoecium. Female flowers with a gynoecium of 5 free carpels raised on an androgynophore, their styles cohering when young; staminodes present at base of carpels. Follicles (mature carpels) 5 or fewer, stalked, glabrous outside, stellate-hirsute inside; seeds embedded in a hairy, honeycomb-like tissue derived from the inner layer of the follicle.

30 species, mainly in tropical Australia, 2 in Papua New Guinea.

Source: Short, P.S. (1996). Sterculiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-07-31
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Malvales
family Malvaceae
Higher taxa
genus Brachychiton
Subordinate taxa