Sparaxis bulbifera (L.) Ker Gawl


Ann. Bot. (König & Sims) 1: 225 (1804) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Corm 1–1.5 cm diam. Leaves linear to ensiform, 10–30 cm long, 4–10 mm wide. Inflorescence with scape few-branched. Primary bracts up to 2.5 cm long, deeply torn with 2–4 gradually narrowing points. Flowers funnel-shaped. Perianth tube c. 15 mm long, narrow in the lower 5–7 mm, widened above, pale yellow; lobes 2.5–2.8 cm long, 1–1.2 cm wide, cream-coloured to white, the outer perianth dark red to purple or purple-streaked on outer surface. Stamens asymmetrically arranged to one side of the flower; anthers white. Style arched behind stamens, exceeding anthers; branches thread-like, c. 10 mm long, white. Bulbils numerous, in all leaf axils. Flowers Sep.–Nov.

*CVU, *DunT, *GipP, *Glep, *GGr, *HSF, *OtP, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised in WA, SA, NSW, Tas. Native to South Africa. Commonly grown as a garden ornamental, occasionally becoming established in grassy-woodland communities and on roadside verges.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1994). Iridaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-01-19
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Iridaceae
genus Sparaxis
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Sparaxis bulbifera in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Sparaxis bulbifera in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales