Simaroubaceae

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Evergreen or deciduous trees or shrubs; bark extremely bitter. Leaves mostly alternate, pinnately compound to unifoliolate, or simple; stipules absent in most taxa. Flowers in terminal or axillary racemes, or racemose panicles or dichasial cymes, unisexual (usually) or bisexual; sepals and petals 3–8 (normally 5) or sometimes petals lacking; sepals usually partially fused; petals free; stamens usually twice as many as sepals (rarely more), occasionally equal in number to sepals, filaments arising outside the annular nectary-disc (when present), often with a basal scale, anthers versatile, opening by longitudinal slits; ovary superior, 2–5(–8)-locular or carpels distinct, ovule 1 (rarely 2) per locule, styles 1 or as many as locules or carpels and then free or united. Fruit a capsule or samara, less often a drupe, berry or schizocarp.

A chiefly tropical family of c. 25 genera and c. 150 species; 4 genera and 7 species (1 naturalized) in Australia.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1999). Simaroubaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Sapindales
Higher taxa
family Simaroubaceae
Subordinate taxa
genus Ailanthus