Euonymus europaeus L.

Sp. Pl. 1: 197 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Deciduous (perhaps incompletely in Victoria) shrub or small tree 2–6 m high, usually much-branched. Bud scales broadly ovate to obovate, 2–3 mm long with a short, dark apical mucro. Leaves opposite, ovate to lanceolate or elliptic, 2–10 cm long, 1–3.5 cm wide, glabrous; apex acute to acuminate; margins finely crenate to serrate; petiole 3–-8 mm long. Inflorescences c. 2–4 cm long, 3–10-flowered. Flowers mostly 4-merous; sepals broad-elliptic, c. 1 mm long, greenish, glabrous; petals obovate to spathulate, 3–4 mm long, cream or white; stamens shorter than petals, inserted on the raised green disc; ovary prominent, style 1–2 mm long. Capsule 7–10 mm long, 10–15 mm wide, deeply 4-lobed (some locules sometimes undeveloped), pink to crimson; seeds ellipsoid, 7–9 mm long, entirely covered by the thin, fleshy orange aril. Flowers Sep.–Nov. Fruits Apr.–Aug.

*GipP, *Glep, *HSF, *NIS, *VRiv. Also naturalised SA. Native through much of Europe. Widely grown for the ornamental fruits and naturalised to some extent in moist sites near e.g. Portland, Euroa, Wangaratta and Heyfield.

Seeds are dispersed by birds attracted to the bright arils.

Created by: Neville Walsh, 2014-09-04
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-03-28
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Celastrales
family Celastraceae
genus Euonymus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Euonymus europaeus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Euonymus europaeus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
Australian Capital Territory