Plantago lanceolata L.


Sp. Pl. 113 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Taprooted annual or biennial. Leaves rosetted, lamina lanceolate to elliptic, mostly 7–20 cm long, 1–4 cm wide, acute, pubescent to pilose, usually with 5 main veins, margins with a few small teeth; petiole usually 3–15 cm long. Spike ovoid to cylindric, usually 1–12 cm long, dense; peduncles 6–40(–50) cm long, longitudinally ridged, shortly antrorse-hairy; bracts obovate to elliptic, 3–5 mm long, acuminate. Sepals elliptic, 2.5–4.5 mm long, unequal, anterior sepals fused, bifid; corolla-tube 2–3 mm long, lobes 1.5–2.5 mm long, spreading or reflexed; anthers 1.5–2 mm long, exserted. Capsule ovoid, 3–4 mm long; seeds 1 or 2, ellipsoid, 2.5–3 mm long, yellow to pale brown. Flowers almost throughout the year but chiefly Sep.–Apr.

*Brid, *CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MonT, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *RobP, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Naturalised in all States. Native to Europe and north and central Asia. Widespread and often abundant in Victoria where often found in gardens, pasture and other disturbed sites.

Branching of the inflorescence or the presence of a rosette of leaves at the top of the inflorescence are common abnormalities found in this species. The species is highly variable and the recognition of varieties (Pilger 1937) based largely upon leaf indumentum seems unwarranted (Briggs et al. 1977).

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Plantaginaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-04-01
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
genus Plantago
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Plantago lanceolata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Plantago lanceolata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory