Polygala japonica Houtt.

Dwarf Milkwort

in Handl., Pl. Kruidk. 10, t. 62 fig. l (1779) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: vulnerable (v)

Decumbent, wiry subshrub to c. 25 cm high; stems pubescent with tiny looping hairs. Leaves ovate to elliptic, 6–20 mm long, 3–10 mm wide. Flowers mauve in lateral racemes c. 1–2 cm long; bracts and bracteoles to 1 mm long, soon deciduous; pedicels 2–6 mm long; sepals free, the upper and lower ones narrow-ovate, 2–3 mm long, wings ovate to obovate, c. 5 mm long, 3–4 mm wide in fruit, 3–5-nerved with connecting lateral nerves; corolla 6–7 mm long, shortly exceeding sepals at anthesis, keel appendages c. 2 mm long, lateral petals entire, slightly shorter than keel. Capsule c. orbicular, emarginate at apex, c. 8 mm long and wide; seed hirsute, c. 3 mm long, with aril c. 2.5 mm long. Flowers mostly Oct.–Dec.

CVU, EGU, GipP, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, SnM, VRiv. Also Qld, NSW. Rare in grassland and grassy woodlands, mainly in upland areas of the east, but also in lowland plains in the Bairnsdale area. Most Victoiran records are pre-1950 indicating that the species has been much reduced from its former range through habitat loss.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1999). Polygalaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2014-09-08
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Polygalaceae
genus Polygala
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Polygala japonica in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Polygala japonica in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory