Homalanthus populifolius Graham

Native Bleeding Heart

Edinburgh New Philos. J. 3: 175 (1827) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Shrub or tree to 12 m high. Leaves with lamina orbiculate to ovate, 3–15(–20) cm long, 2.5–12 cm wide, base truncate or obtuse, apex acute to acuminate, surfaces glabrous, lower surface whitish or greyish with 0–2 minute glands, upper surface at the junction of lamina base and petiole with an undivided, disc-shaped, prominent gland, 0.75–1 mm diam.; petiole 1.5–12 cm long, glandless; stipules 10–20 mm long. Inflorescence 4–9 cm long; bracts usually with 1–3 pairs of sessile glands, each gland 0.25(–0.6) mm long, pillow-shaped and uniformly glaucous-papillate. Male flowers 1(–3) per bract; sepals 2; stamens 6–8. Ovary 2-celled, papillate or glabrous. Stigma undivided with a minute apical gland c. 0.4 mm long or rarely glandless. Fruit 5–8 mm long, 8–10 mm wide, smooth; seeds partly covered by caruncle. Flowers Jul.–Jan.

*GipP, *HSF. In Victoria it has become sparingly established near roadsides in high rainfall, tall forest communities in the Dandenong and Upper Yarra Ranges, in disturbed sites in Melbourne’s eastern suburbs (e.g. Nunawading and Heathmont), and edge of disturbed bushland at Mallacoota. Native to secondary or disturbed rainforests of Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and eastern Australia extending south to southern New South Wales near the Victorian border but not extending naturally into Victoria.

Created by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2016-06-14
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-01-03
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Malpighiales
family Euphorbiaceae
genus Homalanthus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Homalanthus populifolius in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Homalanthus populifolius in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory