Viola riviniana Rchb.

Common Dog-violet

Icongogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 1: 81 (1823) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Rhizomatous perennial herb; stems decumbent to ascending. Leaves alternate, sometimes closely so, but not strictly tufted; lamina ovate-circular, 10–45 mm long, 10–35 mm wide, sparsely covered in hairs, base cordate, apex obtuse to shortly acuminate, margins broadly toothed to creanate; petiole 1–8 cm long; stipules adhering to petiole at base, lanceolate, c. 1 cm long, fimbriate. Flower-scapes 2.5–6 cm long, glabrous; bracteoles above middle. Sepals lanceolate, 7–12 mm long, acute, basal appendages prominent, enlarging in fruit; petals 10–14 mm long, blue-violet, lower petal obovate, with spur c. 5 mm long, sometimes shallowly notched at apex. Capsule ovoid, 7–10 mm long. Seeds ovoid, c. 2 mm long, yellowish-brown. Flowers c. Dec.

*GipP, *HSF, *VAlp, *VVP. Also naturalised NSW, ACT. Native to Europe and northern Africa.

Confirmed as naturalised only in Sherbrooke Forest near Melbourne and at Nareen in western Victoria, but probably a casual garden-escape elsewhere.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1996). Viola. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-01-14
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Malpighiales
family Violaceae
genus Viola
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Viola riviniana in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Viola riviniana in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Victorian Alps present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory