Anthosachne scabra (R.Br.) Nevski

Common Wheat-grass

Trudy Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Uni., Ser. 8b Bot. , 17: 65 (1934) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Weakly tufted perennial. Culms erect or drooping, to 1.2 m high (rarely to 2 m long or more, and then usually procumbent). Leaves glabrous or hairy; blades flat or inrolled, scabrous at least on the upper surface, 10–30 cm long and 1–4 mm wide; sheath smooth or scabrous; ligule minute, scarious; auricles well-developed, narrow, encircling the culm and often overlapping. Inflorescence a spike of 1–10 spikelets. Spikelets 6–12-flowered, 18–35 mm long (excluding awns); glumes unequal, ovate to acuminate, 1.5–12 mm long, the lower 3-nerved, the upper 3- or 5-nerved, upper 1–5 mm longer than lower; rachilla hairs not covering thickened base of lemma callus; callus thickened at tip, flat or concave on dorsal surface, margins and surface densely hairy; lemma rounded dorsally, smooth or scabrous, oblong or narrow-lanceolate, 7–20 mm long, tapered evenly to a scabrous, flattened awn 9–47 mm long, straight to recurved when dry; palea about equal to body of lemma. Flowers Jul.–Dec.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuM, NIS, OtP, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, Wim. All States except NT. A common grass especially in drier, rocky areas, comprising a number of more or less distinctive forms. In Victoria, alpine and subalpine forms are commonly highly glaucous.

A distinctive form, known from grasslands north and west of Melbourne has culms that elongate at maturity, sometimes to over 2 m long, and become almost prostrate. No distinct floral or other characters have been detected in this form so it is not known whether formal recognition is appropriate. The genus Connorochloa Barkworth, S.W.L.Jacobs & H.Q.Zhang was erected for a New Zealand segregate of Anthosachne having similarly elongating culms as well as shortly awned glumes.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Elymus scaber (R.Br.) A.Löve).
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-12-18
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Anthosachne
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Anthosachne scabra in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Anthosachne scabra in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory