Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Annual or perennial herbs or short-lived shrubs, glabrous or pubescent with simple, forked, stellate or glandular hairs. Leaves alternate, often paired and unequal in size, simple, entire, toothed or lobed, petiolate. Flowers solitary in leaf-axils and forks of stems, bisexual, regular; calyx tubular to campanulate, 5-lobed, enlarged in fruit; corolla broad-campanulate to rotate, shortly 5-lobed, usually yellow, limb folded in bud; stamens 5, equal or unequal, inserted near base of corolla-tube, anthers 2-celled, basifixed, dehiscing by longitudinal slits; ovary 2-celled, style slender, stigma slightly 2-lobed or capitate. Fruit a berry enclosed by inflated calyx; seeds discoidal, lenticular or reniform, numerous.

About 100 species mostly from North and South America but also in Asia; 13 species in Australia, 1 considered native, 12 introduced.

Several species have edible berries and have been cultivated for their fruit.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Solanaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-07-29
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