Ephedra distachya subsp. distachya

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Extinct

Establishment means:Introduced

Shrubs or subshrubs; often procumbent; branchlets grayish green or yellowish green. Leaves opposite, c. 2 mm long, sheathing the stem. Male flowers solitary or in clusters of 3; bracts in 4 pairs; staminal column with 7 or 8 anthers. Female flowers narrow ovoid; bracts in 3 or 4 pairs. Fruit 8–9 mm long, red.  

Occasionally cultivated in gardens. This species appears to have once been naturalised on the eastern shores of Port Phillip Bay. There are two 1911 specimens labelled as being from Sandringham and North Brighton, the latter noted as having been poisoned. The species has not been recorded as growing wild in the State again.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2016-08-04
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-01-08
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
class Gnetopsida
order Ephedrales
family Ephedraceae
genus Ephedra
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Ephedra distachya subsp. distachya in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Ephedra distachya subsp. distachya in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Gippsland Plain extinct introduced