Phytolaccaceae

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Herbs, shrubs or trees, sometimes dioecious. Leaves alternate, simple. Inflorescence a terminal or lateral raceme; flowers bracteate, unisexual or bisexual; perianth segments 4 or 5, free, sometimes unequal; stamens 3–many, hypogynous in bisexual flowers, staminodes sometimes present in female flowers; carpels 1–many, free or fused; styles and ovules 1 per carpel. Fruit a nut, achene, drupe or berry.

20 genera and c. 100 species, tropical, mainly American; 3 genera and 5 species (1 native) in Australia.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1996). Phytolaccaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Caryophyllanae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
genus Phytolacca