Atriplex hortensis L.

Garden Orache

Sp. Pl. 1053 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Extinct

Establishment means:Introduced

Monoecious annual herb to c. 2 m high. Leaves petiolate, the lower commonly opposite, deltoid to broadly ovate with cordate or hastate bases, 2–12 cm long, 1.5–10 cm wide; upper leaves alternate, usually narrower than lower and with tapered bases, slightly mealy on lower surface. Inflorescence narrowly paniculate with male and female flowers mixed within small clusters; female flowers dimorphic, some lacking bracteoles, the seed horizontal or vertical, partly enclosed within a 5-lobed perianth c. 2 mm diam., others with ovate to round bracteoles, to 12 mm long or more at maturity, papery, prominently net-veined and shortly fused near base. Fruits mainly Aug.–Feb.

Also naturalised WA, Tas. Possibly Eurasian.

Possibly a species of garden origin, arising through horticultural selection of strains from similar species in Asia. In Victoria known from five pre-1951 collections, and most of garden origin. Doubtfully ever naturalised in Victoria. Occasionally cultivated today

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1996). Chenopodiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-10-05
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Caryophyllanae
genus Atriplex
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Atriplex hortensis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Atriplex hortensis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee extinct introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain extinct introduced
Murray Fans extinct introduced
Gippsland Plain extinct cultivated
Central Victorian Uplands extinct introduced