Acanthus

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Perennial herbs or shrubs. Leaves basal, lobed to pinnatissect. Inflorescences of terminal spikes. Flowers subtended by a large spinose bract and a pair of bracteoles; calyx 4-lobed and bilabiate, the lateral lobes small; corolla 1-lipped by reduction of the upper lip, 3-lobed; stamens 4, shorter than corolla; anthers connate in pairs. Fruit a capsule.

About 30 species, mostly from temperate areas of Europe and Asia but 2 species (mangroves) extending to northern Australia. Several species are grown for ornament.

Created by: Neville Walsh, 2015-06-01
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
family Acanthaceae
Higher taxa
genus Acanthus
Subordinate taxa