Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Evergreen or deciduous shrubs or small trees, usually dioecious. Leaves usually alternate, entire or dentate, often shiny, petiolate; stipules small, caducous. Inflorescences axillary cymes or cymose fascicles, rarely flowers solitary. Flowers usually unisexual, small, inconspicuous, whitish or pinkish; sepals usually 4, small, connate at base; petals usually 4, elliptic or oblong, free or united at base; stamens usually 4, epipetalous, slightly shorter than petals, reduced to staminodes in female flowers, filaments subulate, anthers dorsifixed, versatile; ovary usually 4-celled, sessile, rudimentary in male flowers, stigma 4-lobed, sessile. Drupe subglobose, berry-like; pyrenes usually 2–5, bony, smooth, ribbed or striate, 1-seeded.

About 390 species, distribution as for family; 3 species in Australia, 2 native, 1 naturalised.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Aquifoliaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-06-15
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Aquifoliales
family Aquifoliaceae
Higher taxa
genus Ilex
Subordinate taxa