Quercus robur L.

English Oak

Sp. Pl. 2: 996 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Deciduous spreading tree to c. 20 m high. Bark hard, shallowly furrowed. Leaves papery, variable, mostly c. obovate, 6-12 cm long, 6-8 cm wide, margin with 3-7 rounded lobes on each side, rarely almost pinnatifid, usually auriculate at base; upper surface mid green, glabrous, or occasionally a few hairs near base long midvein; lower surface grey-green, glabrous; petiole 5-10 mm long. Acorns broad-ovoid, 2-4 cm long, solitary or paired (rarely more) on peduncle c. 2-7 cm long; cupule up to c. one-third as long as acorn, often less, scales compact. Catkins produced early spring (just before leaves). Acorns produced mostly late summer and autumn.

*CVU, *GipP, *Gold, *HSF, *VRiv, *VVP. Native to Europe generally, northern Africa and western Asia. Commonly grown for ornament, occasionally escaping into adjacent bush, but rarely collected.

The timber is used for furniture, panelling etc., but not or rarely grown in Victoria in commercial quantities. Many cultivars are grown, in particular, 'Fastigiata' of columnar form, is grown as a street tree.

Created by: Neville Walsh, 2015-02-04
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2015-02-05
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fagales
family Fagaceae
genus Quercus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Quercus robur in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Quercus robur in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory