Castilleja exserta subsp. exserta

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Extinct

Establishment means:Introduced

Erect annual to c. 40 cm high; stems often much-branched from base, ± reddish, hirsute. Leaves deeply pinnatifid or occasionally bipinnatifid, 1–5 cm long; lobes linear or filiform with scattered to dense clear triangular or septate hairs. Inflorescence a dense, broad, pale to deep purple spike; bracts 1–2 cm long, palmately divided into 5–7 filiform or narrowly-linear lobes, greenish at base, rose-purple at lobe tips; calyx 1–2 cm long, with 4 linear, equal lobes, coloured like bracts; corolla 12–30 mm long, mostly purplish or crimson, often whitish or yellowish at apex of lower lip with purple spots at base of small teeth, lower lip puberulent, beak of upper lip exceeding lower lip, 2–3 mm long, ± hooked at tip, densely bearded with crimson hairs. Capsule ovoid, 10–15 mm long; seeds ovoid to ellipsoid in a loose-fitting coat. In Victoria recorded flowering in November.

Native to the western U.S.A. In Victoria recorded from Genoa, Balmattum and Casterton in 1915 and from Port Fairy in 1916.

Created by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2016-03-22
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-01-08
Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Castilleja exserta subsp. exserta in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Castilleja exserta subsp. exserta in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Riverina extinct introduced
Warrnambool Plain extinct introduced
Goldfields extinct introduced
Dundas Tablelands extinct introduced
East Gippsland Lowlands extinct introduced