Iris foetidissima L.

Sp. Pl. 1: 39 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Leaves usually 50–100 cm long, 1.0–2.5 cm wide. Inflorescence with scape usually shorter than leaves, unbranched, with 2–4 condensed 2–3-flowered clusters. Primary bracts c. 6 cm long. Flowers overall dull purple-grey to brownish yellow, with darker veins. Perianth tube c. 1 cm long; sepals c. 4.5 cm long, spreading to recurved, glabrous; petals c. 4 cm long, ascending to spreading, glabrous. Seeds bright red.

*CVU, *GipP. Also naturalised SA, Tas. Native to western Europe. Apparently sparingly established in the Mount Macedon area.

Flowers and crushed leaves have a foetid odour. 

Created by: Andre Messina, 2014-11-03
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-07-23
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Iridaceae
genus Iris
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Iris foetidissima in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Iris foetidissima in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory