Gladiolus tristis L.

Evening-flower Gladiolus

Sp. Pl., edn 2, 53 (1762) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Corm with outer layers papery to woody. Stem unbranched, with 2 or 3 reduced leaves. Basal leaf 1, narrowly linear, 2–4 mm wide, cross-shaped in section, with thickened midrib and margin. Inflorescence with flowers secund, 2–7-flowered. Flowers funnel-shaped, dull yellow with a dark line on each perianth lobe, veining often blackish green or lobe with darkly speckled, sometimes with deeper yellow mid-vein, strongly aromatic at night. Perianth tube 4–6 cm long, widened at mouth, curved; lobes with margin and apex flat, sub-equal, spreading; adaxial lobe not or only slightly hood-shaped. Anthers 12–14 mm long. Style branches ± level with anthers. Flowers Sep.–Oct.

*CVU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HSF, *MuM, *OtP, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised in WA, SA, Tas. A native of South Africa. A weed of grassland and grassy woodland in cooler districts, and locally troublesome.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1994). Iridaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Andre Messina, 2014-10-28
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Iridaceae
genus Gladiolus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Gladiolus tristis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Gladiolus tristis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia