Ecballium

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Monoecious trailing herbs with woody rootstock and fleshy, scabrous stems. Leaves simple; tendrils absent. Male flowers in axillary racemes; female flowers solitary, sometimes co-axillary with males. Calyx and corolla deeply 5-lobed; hypanthium broadly bell-shaped; stamens inserted on hypanthium, anthers 3, all 2-locular, locules flexuose; disc absent. Female flowers lacking staminodes; stigmas 3, bifid; ovary with bristly hairs, ovules many. Fruit ellipsoid, bristly, juicy, dehiscing actively through ruptured attachment of pedicel; seeds many, smooth.

Monotypic genus from the Mediterranean region and south-west Asia.

Source: Jobson, P.C. (1996). Cucurbitaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Cucurbitales
family Cucurbitaceae
Higher taxa
genus Ecballium
Subordinate taxa