Sp. Pl. 242 (1753) APNI
Erect biennial, (10–)30–150 cm high, hispid especially on primary stems; stems striate. Leaves 2–3-pinnate, lamina to 28 cm long; ultimate segments ovate to lanceolate or linear, c. 1 cm long; petiole of lower leaves shorter than lamina, base sheathing. Umbels c. flat-topped in flower, 4–10 cm diam.; rays 30–60, becoming rigid and incurved in fruit; umbellules to 25-flowered, outer flowers yellow or white or pink, c. 2.5 mm diam., inner flowers sterile and black or purple; involucral bracts 7–13, pinnatifid, often shorter than rays; involucral bracteoles linear, entire or trifid. Petals c. 1 mm long. Fruit ovoid, 2–4 mm long; primary ribs with a row of short hairs; secondary ribs with straight spines, only apical spines barbellate. Flowers mainly spring–autumn (smaller flowering plants sometimes seen in winter).
*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *GipP, *Glep, *HNF, *HSF, *OtP, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Naturalized all States except NT. Native to Eurasia and northern Africa. Escaped from cultivation; in Victoria, locally common in disturbed areas (roadsides, near watercourses etc.), usually on moist fertile soils. .
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||naturalised|
|Central Victorian Uplands||present||naturalised|
|East Gippsland Lowlands||present||naturalised|
|New South Wales|
|Australian Capital Territory|