Huperzia australiana (Herter) Holub

Fir Clubmoss

Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 20: 70 (1985) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: rare (r)

Stems leafy throughout, rooted at base only, erect or partly decumbent, undivided or branching 1–3 times, 8–20 cm long. Leaves spirally arranged, crowded, overlapping and ascending, narrowly lanceolate, 4–9 mm long, more than 1 mm wide, mid-green, or sometimes yellowish; base shortly decurrent; apex acute to shortly acuminate. Sporophylls scattered along branch, not restricted to defined zones (but more common towards apex), similar in size and shape to vegetative leaves. Small lateral buds (bulbils) often present in plants from well-lit habitats.

HSF, SnM, VAlp. Also NSW, Tas. (including Macquarie Is.). New Zealand, Indonesia. Restricted to alpine or subalpine scrubs or wet heathlands, and uncommon to rare (e.g. Baw Baws, Mt Buller, Snowy Range, Bogong High Plains, Nunniong Plateau).

Plants in exposed areas are low and bushy, with leaves more ascending and crowded.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Ferns and allied plants (Psilophyta, Lycopodiophyta, Polypodiophyta). In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2020-06-09
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
order Lycopodiales
family Lycopodiaceae
genus Huperzia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Huperzia australiana in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Huperzia australiana in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales