Amperea xiphoclada var. xiphoclada

Broom Spurge

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Erect subshrub 20–90 cm high, usually dioecious, rarely monoecious (at least in Victoria); stems rigid, angular, sometimes more or less leafless. Leaves when present alternate, sessile; lower leaves cuneate-oblong, 5–15 mm long, often toothed, margins revolute; upper leaves linear, to c. 10 mm long, scale-like, entire; stipules deeply fringed, reddish-brown. Flowers few per cluster; bracts ovate, 1–2 mm long, fringed. Male flowers with calyx c. 2 mm long, 4- or 5-lobed; stamens 6–9, free. Female flowers with calyx c. 3 mm long, 5-lobed; ovary glabrous; styles short, red-brown, papillate. Capsule 2–4 mm long; seeds ovoid, 1.5–2.5 mm long, rugulose, shiny, black. Flowers mainly Sep.–Dec. (but spasmodic throughout the year).

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HSF, MonT, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VVP, WaP, WPro. Widespread and sometimes locally common in heathlands, woodlands and open-forests of southern Victoria, often on moist sandy soils.

Amperea xiphoclada var. papillata R.J.F. Henderson from the central New South Wales coast has smaller leaves than the type variety and papillate ridges along the stems. In Amperea xiphoclada var. pedicellata R.J.F. Henderson, known only from the type specimen collected at Sydney, most female flowers are prominently pedicellate.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Euphorbiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2016-05-25
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Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Amperea xiphoclada var. xiphoclada in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Amperea xiphoclada var. xiphoclada in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory