Thelymitra ×merraniae Nicholls

Victorian Naturalist 46: 139 (1929) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: endangered (e); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Flowering stem erect, straight, 15–40 cm tall, 2–3 mm diam., green to reddish. Leaf linear to linear-lanceolate, attenuate, (8–)15–20 cm long, 3–8 mm wide, fleshy, canaliculate, ribbed abaxially, sheathing at base, dark green, reddish at base. Inflorescence 1–6-flowered, usually loose. Sterile bracts 1 or 2. Perianth segments lanceolate to ovate, 8–12 mm long, dark blue to purplish, with darker spots on the dorsal sepal and petals. Column slender to stoutish, 3–5 mm long, pale blue to purplish; mid-lobe expanded, into a squarish hood over the anther, densely glandular on back, with a dark basal collar, apex undulate or tuberculate, yellow; accessory lobes hardly differentiated; lateral lobes converging 0.5–1 mm long, digitiform, porrect at base then bent sharply upwards near the middle at 90 deg., each with a sub-terminal tuft of shaggy cream hairs terminating below the mid-lobe. Anther inserted above centre of column, shortly beaked. Flowers Oct.–Nov.

EGL, GipP, Glep, OtP, OtR, VVP. Also SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. Rare in heathland and heathy woodlands.

An apparent hybrid of uncertain parentage. The shaggy cream-coloured hair tufts may indicate Thelymitra holmesii as one possible parent.

Created by: Jeff Jeanes, 2014-09-02
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-16
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Thelymitra
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Thelymitra ×merraniae in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Thelymitra ×merraniae in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
Otway Ranges present native