Iris germanica L.

German Iris

Sp. Pl. 38 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Leaves 30–50 cm long, 2.5–4.5 cm wide. Inflorescence with scape up to 120 cm long, 1- or 2-branched, with 2–4 condensed 2–5-flowered clusters. Primary bracts 3–5 cm long. Flowers usually white, sometimes blue or violet, yellow, often streaked or flecked with contrasting colours. Perianth tube c. 2 cm long; sepals 6–8 cm long, recurved, bearded with yellow hairs on midvein; petals 6–8 cm long, erect to incurved, glabrous. Seeds dull brown. Flowers Sep.–Oct.

*CVU, *DunT, *GipP, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *NIS, *OtP, *VRiv, *VVP. Also naturalised in WA, SA, NSW, Tas. North and South America. An occasional garden escape, often established near old homesteads.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1994). Iridaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2018-11-23
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Iridaceae
genus Iris
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Iris germanica in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Iris germanica in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales