Samolus valerandi L.


Sp. Pl. 1: 171 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Uncertain

Threat status:Victoria: rare (r)

Tender, ± rosetted, glabrous perennial (?or annual), to c. 20 cm high. Leaves cauline and basal, ovate, elliptic or obovate, shortly petiolate, 1–4 cm long, 8–20 mm wide, thin-textured, light green, apex rounded. Flowers in an elongating leafless raceme, to c. 12 cm long; pedicels slender, to c. 1 cm long, each with a linear bract c. 1 mm long shortly below midway; calyx hemispherical, 1–1.5 mm long at anthesis (rapidly enlarging to c. 3 mm in fruit), lobes broadly acute or obtuse, one-third to half as long as calyx; corolla lobes blunt, spreading, exceeding calyx by c. 0.5 mm, free shortly above base, white; stamens and staminodes inserted at throat of corolla. Capsule c. spherical, c. 2 mm diam. Flowers mainly Nov.–Mar.

EGL, EGU, GipP, HSF, VRiv. WA (naturalised), Qld, NSW, ACT. Europe, Africa, North and South America. Relatively rare in Victoria, occurring on damp, often shaded banks of lowland streams in the east (e.g. Dargo, Bruthen areas, upper Snowy and Genoa Rivers, etc.).

Created by: Andre Messina, 2015-09-18
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-09-05
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Ericales
family Primulaceae
genus Samolus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Samolus valerandi in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Samolus valerandi in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Riverina present uncertain
Gippsland Plain present uncertain
East Gippsland Lowlands present uncertain
East Gippsland Uplands present uncertain
Highlands-Southern Fall present uncertain

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory