Pterostylis cucullata R.Br.

Leafy Greenhood

Prodr. 327 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:EPBC: vulnerable (VU); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Flowering plant to 5–25 cm tall, stem smooth. Leaves 4–7, either in a basal rosette or some scattered up the stem, oblong to elliptic, 4–10 cm long, 1.5–3 cm wide, sessile to subsessile, margins entire, flat or crinkled. Flower 3–4 cm long, semi-nodding, white and green, heavily suffused with red-brown at front; dorsal sepal acute, not exceeding the petals; lateral sepals erect, loosely embracing the galea leaving a lateral gap, sinus v-shaped when viewed from the front, protruding in a shallow curve when viewed from the side, markedly scabrous, free points linear-tapered, 1–2 cm long, erect or recurved; petals flared, acute. Labellum linear-lanceolate, 14–17 mm long, 3.5–4.5 mm wide, dark brown, curved forwards in the distal third, apex obtuse, tip visible from the front of the sinus in the set position, but not protruding. Flowers Aug.–Oct.

Brid, CVU, EGU, GipP, Glep, HNF, HSF, OtP, OtR, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro. Widely distributed but disjunct, mostly occurring in small groups in coastal areas, sometimes near inland watercourses.

2 subspecies, both in Victoria.

Source: Jones, D.L. (1994). Pterostylis. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-15
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Pterostylis
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Pterostylis cucullata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Pterostylis cucullata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory