Thelymitra brevifolia Jeanes

Muelleria 19: 30 (2004) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Flowering stem erect, straight, (12–)25–60 cm tall, 1–3.5 mm diam., green to purplish. Leaf linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, attenuate, (5–)10–26 cm long, (3–)7–20 mm wide, scabrous, thin-textured or leathery, more or less flat, ribbed abaxially, sheathing at base, dark green often suffused with reddish purple, margins and mid-vein often purplish. Inflorescence 2–10(–20)-flowered, open. Sterile bracts usually 2, rarely 1or 3. Perianth segments lanceolate to ovate, (6–)10–12 mm long, purplish blue, rarely pink or white. Column 4–5.5 mm long, pale blue or pale pink at base; mid-lobe expanded into a hood over the anther, tubular, not inflated, curving forward gently through c. 90 deg., bright reddish orange, yellow or blackish, apex almost entire, emarginate or deeply and irregularly slit producing 2 more or less parallel lobes; lateral lobes converging, 0.7–1 mm long, digitiform, porrect at base then curving gently upwards, each with a sub-terminal mop-like tuft of white hairs embracing the apex of the mid-lobe. Anther inserted about mid-way along column, shortly beaked. Flowers Sep.–Nov.

CVU, DunT, EGL, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, NIS, OtP, Strz, VVP, Wim. Also SA, ACT. Widespread and reasonably common in heathland, heathy woodland, woodland and open forests from near sea-level to montane areas.

Widespread in south-eastern Australia.

Flowers are self-pollinating and only open on warm, humid days.

Created by: Jeff Jeanes, 2014-09-02
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-16
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Thelymitra
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Thelymitra brevifolia in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Thelymitra brevifolia in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory