Cymbalaria muralis subsp. muralis

Ivy-leaf Toadflax

sensu J.H. Willis, Handb. Pl. Victoria 2:508 (1973) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Procumbent herb, glabrous apart from a few hairs on young shoots and pedicels; branches, petioles and pedicels often reddened. Leaves transversely elliptic to ovate, 5–30 mm long, 5–35 mm wide, discolorous, upper surface dark green, lower surface grey-green, base somewhat cordate, margins with 5–11 teeth; petiole to 5 cm long. Pedicels 1–6 cm long in flower, elongating and decurved in fruit. Sepals 2–2.5 mm long; corolla 6–8.5 mm long, purple, glabrous outside, pubescent within tube on lower side; spur decurved, 2–3 mm long, palate white, with 2 bright yellow ridges; anthers white. Capsule transverse-oblong, somewhat flattened, c. 3 mm long and 4 mm wide, glabrous.  Flowers Oct.–Jan.

*GipP, *HNF, *HSF, *VVP. Naturalized in all States except NT; native to Europe and north-western Africa. A common weed of rockeries and wall crevices, documented as naturalised near Byaduk Caves in south-western Victoria, and a number of Melbourne suburbs. .

Source: Barker, W.R. (1999). Scrophulariaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-08-22
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Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cymbalaria muralis subsp. muralis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cymbalaria muralis subsp. muralis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales