Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Rhizome stout, often becoming enlarged due to sheathing with roots, forming erect trunk in Todea. Fronds thick or membranous, bipinnate to pinnately compound, winged at base with 2 broad flanges. Sporangia large, scattered on underside of frond (not in sori) and without indusium, each producing more than 100 spores. Gametophyte large and fleshy, often long-lived, elongate, cordate, thicker in centre.

3 genera with c. 20 species; 2 genera in Australia, only Todea barbara occurring in Victoria.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Ferns and allied plants (Psilophyta, Lycopodiophyta, Polypodiophyta). In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
order Osmundales
Higher taxa
family Osmundaceae
Subordinate taxa
genus Todea