Kickxia elatine subsp. elatine

Woolly Toadflax

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Diagnostic features as in key. Flowers Apr.–May.

*CVU, *GipP, *Gold, *MuF, *NIS, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP. Also naturalised NSW. Native to Europe and western Asia. Only confirmed from Melbourne General Cemetery.

This subspecies is difficult to distinguish from subsp. crinita which seems to be far more widespread in Victoria. Only one specimen could be unequivocally determined as subsp. elatine but the diagnostic feature may need to be reassessed (see subp. crinita).

Source: Barker, W.R. (1999). Scrophulariaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
genus Kickxia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Kickxia elatine subsp. elatine in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Kickxia elatine subsp. elatine in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present introduced
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Goldfields present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales