Heliotropium curassavicum L.

Smooth Heliotrope

Sp. Pl. 130 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Uncertain

Annual or perennial, prostrate, glabrous, usually glaucous; branches to c. 30 cm long. Leaves narrow-obovate to narrow-elliptic, 6–40 mm long, 2–10 mm wide, fleshy, apex obtuse, base cuneate, margins flat, glabrous; petiole short, indistinct. Inflorescences usually unbranched. Sepals ovate, 1–2 mm long, obtuse, shortly connate, not elongating; corolla 2–3 mm long, glabrous, white to pinkish with a yellow throat, tube c. as long as lobes; anthers acuminate, apices free; style obscure, stigma c. 0.25 mm long, pubescent. Mericarps 4, succulent at first, dry and falling at maturity, glabrous, rugulose, brown. Flowers Oct.–Apr.

HFE, MSB, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *RobP, *VRiv, *Wim. Naturalized all mainland States. Native to South America. A weed primarily of saline flats in the north-west of the State.

Although conventionally regarded in Australian literature as a post-European-settlement introduction, Craven (1996) raised the likelihood of it being either truly native or having been introduced prior to European settlement.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Boraginaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
family Boraginaceae
genus Heliotropium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Heliotropium curassavicum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Heliotropium curassavicum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present introduced
Murray Mallee present introduced
Wimmera present introduced
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Murray Scroll Belt present uncertain
Robinvale Plains present introduced
Murray Fans present introduced
Highlands-Far East present uncertain

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory