Asplenium flabellifolium Cav.

Necklace Fern

Descr. Pl. 257 (1801) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Rhizome short, covered with dark brown, shiny scales with long, fine tips. Fronds clustered, weak and trailing, 10–50 cm long; tip often without pinnae, sometimes taking root and producing plantlets (these usually preceded by a group of small dark scales). Stipe short, slender, green to light brown, flattened above with slight groove, with a tuft of scales at base, but none further up. Lamina once pinnate, linear to narrowly oblong, tapering towards tip, pale green, membranous; rachis slender, green, grooved with narrrow green wings, extending into long, bare tip. Pinnae shortly stalked, relatively distant, 6–20 pairs, usually fan-shaped, sometimes 3-lobed, larger towards base, 2–15 mm long; outer margin toothed; veins forking repeatedly, radiating. Sori linear-oblong, oblique to midvein, not reaching margin, occasionally confluent; indusium oblong, thin, with irregular margin, opening towards centre of pinna.

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. All States. New Zealand. Occurs in caves, under rock ledges, in crevices, on logs and tree trunks, on stream banks, or in rocks above cliffs or waterfalls. Such habitats can occur in a wide range of vegetation types, from dry woodland to rainforest. Able to rapidly colonize suitable sites by vegetative reproduction.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Ferns and allied plants (Psilophyta, Lycopodiophyta, Polypodiophyta). In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
order Polypodiales
family Aspleniaceae
genus Asplenium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Asplenium flabellifolium in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Asplenium flabellifolium in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory