Stirp. Austr. Fasc. 2: 133 (1763) APNI
Plants biennial or perennial, to 80 cm high; stems branched. Leaf-blades to c. 20 cm long, pinnately lobed, deeply dentate, the lower lyrate, the upper ovate, bases cordate and stem-clasping. Pedicels stout, to 4 cm long. Sepals 20–30 mm long; petals obovate, 25–40 mm long, yellow, sometimes tinged orange, sometimes with a reddish to violet basal spot. Capsules straight or usually arcuate, to 30 cm long, glabrous, tuberculate or scabrous. Flowers Nov.–Mar.
*GipP, *OtP, *VVP, *WaP. Also naturalised SA, NSW, Tas. Native to western and southern Europe to the Black Sea and Transcaucasus in Asia, widely introduced beyond as a ballast waif and occasional garden-escape. Sporadic near the coast (e.g Port Fairy, Geelong, Altona, Phillip Is. etc.) in open, usually low-lying areas on or near shores in sand and calcareous soils.
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||naturalised|
|New South Wales|