Thelymitra luteocilium W.Fitzg.

Fringed Sun-orchid

Gard. Chron., new ser., 17: 495 (1882) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: rare (r)

Flowering stem slender, erect, 13–35 cm long, 1.5–3 mm diam., almost wholly purplish. Leaf linear-lanceolate, 6–22 cm long, 2–8 mm wide, fleshy, canaliculate, dark green. Inflorescence (1–)2–4(–6)-flowered. Sterile bracts 2. Perianth segments ovate, 7–10 mm long, pale pink to reddish. Column 4–5 mm long, pink to reddish; mid-lobe short with a convex, crenate margin, not prominently hooded, yellow, subtended by a narrow dark band; lateral lobes suberect, short, flat, margins and apices bearing relatively stout, spreading and erect, yellow hairs, terminal hair-tuft reaching mid-lobe. Anther with a pointed beak protruding between bases of lateral lobes. Flowers Sep.–Oct.

CVU, DunT, Gold, GGr, LoM, VVP, Wim. Also SA. Scattered and rare in Victoria, often in moist depressions. Flowers Sep.-Oct. Grows among low shrubs in open forest, mallee scrub or in open rocky sites in well-drained and moisture-retentive soils.

Flowers open tardily, only on hot and humid days.

Believed to hybridise with T. megcalyptra to produce T. ×chasmogama.

Source: Weber, J.Z.; Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Thelymitra. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-05-30
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Thelymitra
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Thelymitra luteocilium in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Thelymitra luteocilium in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia