Solanum physalifolium var. nitidibaccatum (Bitter) Edmonds

Cherry Nightshade

Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 92: 27 (1986) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Sprawling annual herb to 50 cm high, pale to dark green, pubescent with glandular hairs; prickles absent. Leaves ovate, mostly 4–6 cm long, 1–4 cm wide, apex acute or acuminate, base truncate to cuneate, margins entire or shallowly lobed, slightly discolorous, both surfaces sparsely pubescent to glabrescent; petiole 0.5–2 cm long. Inflorescences simple, 2–8(–10)-flowered; peduncle c. 1 cm long. Flowers on pedicels 4–10 mm long; calyx 1.5–2.5 mm long, accrescent in fruit, lobes broad-triangular, 1–2 mm long; corolla stellate, 12–14 mm diam., white, lobes ovate to oblong; anthers 1.5–2 mm long. Berry broad-ovoid, 6–9 mm diam., green to purplish-green; seeds 1.8–2 mm long, light brown; stone-cell granules 0.4–0.8 mm diam.  Flowers mostly summer.

*CVU, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *HNF, *HSF, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP. Als naturalised SA, Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas. Native to South America. An occasional weed of cultivated areas.

The type variety has fewer-flowered inflorescences, larger fruiting calyces and slightly larger berries with smaller stone-cells. It has a restricted distribution in South America and is not known to have become naturalized outside its natural range.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Solanaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-06-18
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Distribution map

Victoria

Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Solanum physalifolium var. nitidibaccatum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Solanum physalifolium var. nitidibaccatum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present introduced
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present introduced
Victorian Alps present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
State
Western Australia
South Australia
Queensland
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory
Victoria
Tasmania