Washingtonia filifera (Linden ex André) H.Wendl.

Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 37: 68 (1879) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Palm tree, to 15 m high, trunk erect, stout, to about 100 cm diameter. Petiole with hooked spines. Lamina fan-shaped, drooping, deeply divided into 70–75 lanceolate lobes; margins with white cottony threads. Flowers white; perianth segments acute. Fruit c. 10 mm diam., black.

*GipP. Also naturalised WA, NT, SA. Native to western North America.

Commonly grown world-wide as an ornamental, naturalised in Victoria near Mildura.

Both Washingtonia filifera and W. robusta H.Wendland are grown as oramentals in Victoria. These species are not well differentiated, and are often difficult to distinguish when not growing together (the former being distinguished by its larger size). It is possible that both species may have naturalised, or will potentially naturalise in the future.

Species of Washingtonia are known for their ability to survive extreme temperatures.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2014-08-18
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-02-08
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Arecales
family Arecaceae
genus Washingtonia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Washingtonia filifera in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Washingtonia filifera in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Gippsland Plain present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia