Caladenia oreophila (D.L.Jones) G.N.Backh.

Victorian Naturalist 124: 124 (2007) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: endangered (e); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Flowering plant 12–20 cm tall. Leaf 6–10 cm long, 5–12 mm wide. Flower solitary; perianth segments 2–3 cm long, greenish cream with some pale red stripes; sepals 2–3 mm wide at base, tapered to filiform, clubbed tails, clubs 2–5 mm long, with dark red, globose to spherical, sessile glands which are mostly tightly packed and contiguous; lateral sepals divergent, stiffly deflexed; petals spreading to stiffly deflexed, shorter than sepals, flattened at base, tapered to an acuminate apex. Labellum curved forward with apex recurved and lateral lobes curved upwards, lamina broad-ovate to ovate-lanceolate, very obscurely 3-lobed, 11–13 mm long and 7–8 mm wide (when flattened), reddish distally, greenish cream towards the base; lateral lobes entire around curved base, then with marginal calli linear to triangular, mostly to 0.5 mm long, diminishing in size towards entire or slightly irregular mid-lobe; lamina calli in 4 rows, extending about half way to labellum apex, linear or foot-shaped, to 1 mm long at base of lamina, decreasing in size towards apex. Flowers Sep.–Oct.

EGL, EGU. Also NSW. In Victoria, currently known with certainty only from the upper Cann River valley in tall eucalypt forest with a sparse understorey on well-drained light brown clay loam.

Caladenia oreophila is similar to, and could be confused with, a few other eastern species; see C. montana, C. peisleyi, C. osmera and C. australis. It is also difficult to distinguish from the NSW species C. fitzgeraldii.

Created by: Jeff Jeanes, 2015-05-08
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-15
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Caladenia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Caladenia oreophila in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Caladenia oreophila in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales